Every business needs capital to operate, and working capital is a key component of that. It is the money used by businesses to pay for their day-to-day operations, such as purchasing inventory, paying employees, and meeting short-term obligations. Working capital can come from a variety of sources including debt financing or equity investments.


First, let’s look at the two different types of assets that make up a company’s working capital- current assets and noncurrent assets. Current assets are those that can be converted into cash quickly such as accounts receivable, inventories, short-term investments, and cash itself. On the other hand, noncurrent assets are those that cannot be converted into cash quickly and include things like land, buildings, long-term investments, and equipment. When determining the amount of working capital needed for a business, it is important to consider both short-term and long-term needs to ensure effective operations.

Operating Cycle

Another factor to consider when managing working capital is the operating cycle. This is the amount of time it takes a company to purchase materials, produce goods and services, sell them to customers, collect payments from customers, and use those payments to buy new materials. Businesses need to have sufficient working capital on hand to cover the costs associated with their operating cycle so they don’t run out of cash. One way to ensure this is by maintaining a proper ratio between current assets and liabilities.

Trade Credit

Finally, businesses can use trade credit as another source of working capital. Trade credit allows vendors to extend payment terms to customers, which can be beneficial for both parties. This kind of arrangement enables businesses to have access to additional funds without having to take out a loan or incur additional debt. However, it can also be risky since vendors may require personal guarantees and collateral before extending a credit line.

Overall, there are many types of working capital available to businesses to help them meet their short-term and long-term needs. Companies need to understand the different sources of working capital and how each one can be used effectively to ensure their operations run smoothly. By properly managing their working capital, businesses can ensure they have sufficient funds on hand for day-to-day operations without having to take out expensive loans or incur additional debt.

Lending Hub offers a wide range of working capital solutions for businesses of every type and size. Contact our team today to get the financing you need.